Since it was east of the dividing line, he claimed it for Portugal and this was respected by the Spanish. At the time of negotiation, the treaty split the known world of Atlantic islands roughly in half, with the dividing line about halfway between Portuguese Cape Verde and the Spanish discoveries in the Caribbean.
On a great exploratory journey from tothe main purpose of which was to expose the slave tradehe first traveled upstream, crossed the watershed between the tributaries of the upper Zambezi and those of the lower Congoand reached the west coast at Luanda, Angola.
Information about the route is interesting, but the great contribution of Marco Polo to the geographical knowledge of the West lay in his vivid descriptions of the East. Lawrence estuary and Hudson Bay. With the exploration of the Pacific completed, interest in a Northwest Passage revived.
To more and more people it was becoming plain that a New World had been found, although for a long time there was little inclination to explore it but instead a great determination to find a way past it to the wealth of Asia.
Giovanni da Montecorvinoa Franciscan friar from Italy, became archbishop of Peking and lived in China from to This question did not arouse anything approaching the same degree of public interest that was taken in the geography of Africa. Friar Oderic of Pordenonean Italian monk, became a missionary, journeying throughout the greater part of Asia between and Geographical knowledge of the world was obviously not what it is today, or even three hundred years ago.
In the 13th century the political geography changed.
Western Christendom felt itself to be shrinking and decaying at a time when Islam seemed to be enlarging its domain. Portuguese ambitions were at their peak by It was Matthew Flinders who suggested that the fifth continent should be named Australia—a name that had long associations with the South Seas and that accorded well with the names of the other continents.
The Portuguese were eventually to make greater gains in the accidental discovery of Brazil inthan they did through the spice trade in the Far East. In —41 the Australian Edward John Eyre traveled along the south coast from Adelaide to Albany, a distance of more than 1, miles 2, km ; the Australians Robert Burke and William John Wills traveled from Melbourne in the southeast to the Gulf of Carpentaria in the north.
Then the disappointing fact was realized: The earlier expeditions through Babylonia and Persia were through regions already familiar to the Greeks, but the later ones through the enormous tract of land from the south of the Caspian Sea to the mountains of the Hindu Kush brought the Greeks a great deal of new geographical knowledge.
Henry wished to know how far Muslim territories in Africa extended, hoping to bypass them and trade directly with West Africa by sea, find allies in legendary Christian lands to the south  like the long-lost Christian kingdom of Prester John  and to probe whether it was possible to reach the Indies by sea, the source of the lucrative spice trade.
Then the disappointing fact was realized: In the joint rulers conquered the Moorish kingdom of Granadawhich had been providing Castile with African goods through tribute, and decided to fund Christopher Columbus 's expedition in the hope of bypassing Portugal's monopoly on west African sea routes, to reach "the Indies" east and south Asia by travelling west.
A Scottish explorer, James Brucetraveling in Ethiopia invisited the two fountains in Lake Tanathe source of the Blue Nile, first discovered by the Spanish priest Paez in By Nathalie Alonso ; Updated September 29, Though gold and silver were driving forces of exploration, the continent had few natural sources of either.
A third motive was economic. The voyages of Christopher Columbus and John Cabot had their strongest inspirations in quite other traditions. Throughout the first quarter of the 17th century, a great number of merchants, trappers and Cossacks moved east and north, settled East Siberia and explored the northern Siberian coast.
Inthe Yenisey River was navigated to its northern estuary and the. Apush chapter 1. STUDY. European voyages of discovery and exploration were facilitated by. new naval technology, the Renaissance, the rise of nation-states, printing presses Which factors in 15th and 16th century Europe contributed to the exploration and colonization of the New World?
European exploration, exploration of regions of Earth for scientific, commercial, religious, military, and other purposes by Europeans, beginning about the 4th century bce. The motives that spur human beings to examine their environment are many.
European expansion in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries were led by the three main motives of God, glory, and gold. Books such as "Travels of John Mandeville" and "Travels" by Marco Polo inspired explorers in the centuries to come. Lecture 2: The Age of Discovery: Introduction -- The mid-to-late 15th century has quite rightly been called the AGE OF EXPLORATION and Discovery.
It was an age in which European sailors and ships left the coastal waters of the Old World and embarked on. The three main reasons for European exploration of the North American continent were finding an alternate passageway to China and the eastern trade markets, the exploitation of labor and resources in the new world and spreading European-style civilization.
In addition to building colonial empires in.Were motives european exploration 15th and 16th centuries